The Polish suborbital rocket Amber has reached space

Luc Williams

“The world’s first rocket in which as oxidizer was used hydrogen peroxide with a concentration of 98 percent, was tested in the target configuration and reached the target level. Thus, the date of July 3, 2024 will go down in the history of Polish achievements for the development space technologies” – she said POLAND.

As Magdalena Frańczak from POLSA told PAP, all technical details of the flight are currently being developed and will be made public in the coming days.

The joint work of Polish scientists

The rocket was created in Łukasiewicz – Institute of Aviation. Polish Space Agency (POLSA) partially financed the project.

Dr. Paweł Stężycki, director of the Łukasiewicz – Institute of Aviation, said before the test flight that hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 98%, which was used as an oxidant in Amber rocketis one of the most ecological propellants. “With this project and the technologies used in it, we want to prove to the world that elements of sustainable, ecological transport are possible in space,” explained Paweł Stężycki.

ILR-33 AMBER 2K is equipped with an innovative hybrid rocket engine and solid propellant enginesIt also uses a number of modern technologies that can be used in other missile systems, such as the OBC-K1 modular on-board computer, EGG1U pyrocartridges, pyrotechnic valves and the WR-2 mobile autonomous launcher.

All design work was carried out at Łukasiewicz – Institute of Aviation.

Applications for the AMBER rocket

According to POLSA, solutions developed within the framework of AMBER program allowed for the involvement of Polish consortiums in a number of international rocket projects European Space Agency, European Defence Agency and European Defence Fund.

The rocket, which moves at a speed of nearly 1.4 km/s, is expected to have many applications. It can be used, among others, for atmospheric research, carrying out various scientific experiments conducted with the development of science, new technologies and industrial development in mind.

Collaboration with Thorium Space

“We are full of optimism before the next tests of the Amber system. It is already known that the rocket will be used in 2025-2027 by the Polish company Thorium Space” – added Dr. Eng. Sylwester Wyka, deputy director for research at Łukasiewicz – Institute of Aviation. As he announced, it will be carried out as part of the NCBR project entitled “Satellite remote sensing and communication system for suborbital research rockets – PHASE II”, the aim of which is to develop new technological products of the company for the space sector. (PAP)

matt/ bar/


Luc's expertise lies in assisting students from a myriad of disciplines to refine and enhance their thesis work with clarity and impact. His methodical approach and the knack for simplifying complex information make him an invaluable ally for any thesis writer.