Cognitive and neuronal development in childhood: what should be taught from the first months?

Luc Williams

Stimulating children’s cognitive and neuronal development appropriately is one of the main concerns for parents today. Various studies have shown that the first years of life are crucial for their brain development. According to a study by the NGO Educo, up to 90% of neuronal connections are formed during this stage.

However, most parents do not know how to properly stimulate their children in this critical phase, which according to Unicef, in addition to affecting their cognitive development, also prevents their correct physical and emotional development. It is crucial to understand that, During the first years of life, a child’s brain is very malleable, which is known as brain plasticity.

“This plasticity allows neurons to establish connections at a high speed, creating a neural network that will be the basis for learning and development in all areas,” says Marcela Agudelo, director of admissions at the Vermont School in Medellín, the first school in Antioquia to implement the ‘Early Steps’ methodology, focused on early stimulation.

It is at this stage that children are most receptive to experiences and stimuli that will shape their ability to learn and adapt. Adequate stimulation at this early stage not only improves cognitive skills such as language and memoryIt also strengthens motor and social skills, preparing children to face future challenges with greater adaptability and learning.

According to Agudelo, “stimulating motor skills, gross motor skills and spatial relationships” should be taught from three months, adjusted to each stage and case. “We do this through different activities that range from muscle strengthening exercises to sensory games, all with the accompaniment of parents,” he adds.

These activities not only promote physical development, but encourage curiosity and active learning. In addition, It is important that parents actively participate in these activities.since their accompaniment and support are essential for the comprehensive development of children.

In addition to stimulating children, it is also essential to empower parents with information and educational resources so that they can continue to support their children’s cognitive development at home, says Agudelo. Strengthening the bond between parents and children and ensuring continuity in learning is key to children reaching their full potential.


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