Corporate cybersecurity: challenges and strategies

Luc Williams

The latest cybersecurity threats Ransomware and DDoS attacks are the most serious threats to companies today.

Ransomware attacks involve encrypting company data, which prevents the use of infrastructure and the provision of services. In turn, DDoS attacks overload systems, blocking access to services. These threats can lead to disruption of business continuity, which is one of the main goals of cybercriminals.

Sectors most exposed to cyberattacks There is no company that is not exposed to cyberattacks, but some sectors are more sensitive. Public administration, critical infrastructure, and health care units are particularly vulnerable to attacks. Disruption of systems in these sectors may lead to serious consequences, including threats to human health and life.

New Techniques of Cybercriminals

Cybercriminals are constantly developing their techniques, including using social engineering to manipulate company employees. This may include sending crafted emails or calling employees asking them to take specific actions. A key element of defense is employee education and building their awareness of threats.

The role of employees in cybersecurity

People are both the weakest and the strongest link in a company’s cybersecurity. It is important that employees are aware of the threats and are able to recognize them. Regular security training and education is essential to minimize the risk of attacks.

Additionally, awareness needs to be created both at work and at home, especially in the era of remote work.

The impact of geopolitics on cybersecurity The geopolitical situation, including the COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine and economic tensions between the United States and China, influences the increase in the number of cyberattacks. Reports indicate that Polish companies are less prepared for attacks compared to companies in other countries, which shows the need to increase awareness and exchange information on cybersecurity.

What can companies do to protect themselves against attacks?

Above all, companies should implement appropriate technical security measures, such as firewall systems, intrusion detection systems (IDS), and data recovery strategies. It is also crucial to conduct regular risk analyzes and security audits. Standards such as ISO 27001 provide security guidelines and help companies take a methodical approach to cybersecurity.

New legal regulations

The law also plays an important role in cybersecurity. The NIS Directive and the Act on the National Cybersecurity System of 2018 introduce regulations that companies must comply with. The amendment to the regulations increases the scope of companies obliged to apply these regulations, which means that many companies will have to adapt their security systems to the new requirements.

The most common mistakes in cybersecurity One of the most common mistakes made by companies is an improperly conducted risk analysis and the lack of a strategy for restoring systems after an attack. It is important that companies accurately identify their assets and conduct risk analyzes accordingly. Moreover, improper handling of incidents may lead to more serious consequences, so it is important to respond quickly and effectively to any threats.

Polish companies have a lot of work ahead of them to improve their cybersecurity. Employee education, implementation of appropriate technical security measures and compliance with legal regulations are key elements in building effective defense against cyberattacks.

Regular audits and risk analysis will help companies be better prepared for threats in a dynamically changing digital world.


Luc's expertise lies in assisting students from a myriad of disciplines to refine and enhance their thesis work with clarity and impact. His methodical approach and the knack for simplifying complex information make him an invaluable ally for any thesis writer.